WHY ARE SOILS IMPORTANT FOR FOOD PRODUCTION?

By 27 de November de 2019Sin categoría

Did you know how important soils are for ensuring food production? What difficulties do we face in preserving them?

Soil, though we do not create it, is another natural resource that is endangered by human activities. Do we really know what we’re referring to with? Soil is specifically the layer of material found on the Earth’s surface and consisting of organic, inorganic, air and water materials. Our soils are important because they form the material on which plants are based, and therefore they are part of the resources that are essential for the production of our food.

In this way, plants obtain the nutrients that will be part of the soil harvest; they also absorb water, contributing to the regulation of water in the ecosystem and in addition to that of atmospheric gases.

At Q’omer® we are committed to an agriculture that respects the soil, and to take the necessary measures to protect and care for it so that it is left to the new generations and that they can continue to be supplied with raw materials in the future, achieving a balance with the environment.

History of soil concern.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) At the beginning of the 1980s, the countries of the world became increasingly interdependent in terms of their food and agricultural products. And it was then that the problems of land degradation, and the inability to sustain the population in terms of ensuring the availability of food, became known; concerns for international agencies that required information on soils, and that is when FAO decided to start providing consolidated information on this resource.

Later, FAO decided to consider 2015 as the International Year of Soils to promote knowledge about soils and to emphasize the importance of their conservation for the environment and to ensure the availability of others resources in the future and also ensure that we can continue to grow crops to supply us with food.

Why is it important to conserve soils?

Firstly, soil is considered a non-renewable resource; we say this because it is not renewed at a sufficient rate on the human time scale.

The soil is formed from the mother rock that lies at a greater depth and takes thousands of years to form. This involves many factors, most of which we cannot act on; such as climate, topography, geological substrate and various biological agents.

Why are soils important to us?

As discussed above, soils are the basis for food production. But they are not the only raw materials from which we benefit through them; they are also essential for obtaining fibres, certain fuels and medicines.

Qomer floors

Soils are also actively involved in the water cycle, intervening in the availability of water for plant nutrition and water supply.

They also regulate the cycles of carbon and oxygen and other nutrients necessary for the growth of plants such as nitrogen or phosphorus and provide habitat for various organisms other than plants.

At Q’omer® we want to promote the dissemination of soil needs, their importance for agriculture and the environment, and we also promote traditional agricultural practices and conservation agriculture.