Monthly Archives

November 2019

VITAMIN C what are its benefits in the body?

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Great properties as natural antioxidant, cardiovascular regulator or fatty acid protector

Vitamin C (also known as ascorbic acid) is an essential nutrient and required for many biological functions in the body.

Although orange, and in general, citrus fruits are a reference for the consumer public as a source of Vitamin C, there are other foods with lower, equal or even higher Vitamin C content such as kiwi, cabbage, cauliflower or strawberries. It is also interesting to know novel sources of this vitamin as an Amazonian fruit, called Camu Camu.

It is curious that humans, primates and a few other animals are not able to synthesize vitamin C in the body, and should ingest it in the diet. So it is important to ingest sufficient amounts of Vitamin C in the food we consume every day, or if this is not possible, we can help our body with supplements.

The beneficial health properties derived from vitamin C in the scientific studies that have been conducted on it most of the time refer to its relationship with certain enzymes that have a role in the synthesis of collagen, and its capacity as a powerful antioxidant. Although these properties may not be as well known as we’re used to.

Properties:

COLLAGEN FORMATION: Vitamin C achieves that the reactions of collagen formation (fundamental protein fiber in the bones and in the skin of humans) are carried out successfully, because it helps the good state of the iron, part of the enzymes that carry out these collagen generation processes.

STRENGTHENING OF BLOOD VESSELS: Collagen is also a major component of the blood vessels of our circulatory system and Vitamin C helps the proliferation of its cells.

Qomer vitamin C

CARDIOVASCULAR RISK: In general, various studies show that exposure to antioxidants (such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E or others) shows good results for cardiovascular risk factors, in part because they favor a regulation of blood pressure by Vitamin C.

PROTECTION OF FATTY ACIDS: On the other hand, we know that there are fats that are important for our body, such as the fatty acids Omega 3, Omega 6 and Pufas (long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids) and that we are interested in having available in perfect conditions. But the oxygen and free radicals of our organism can cause their oxidation and, in this sense, Vitamin C can protect these fatty acids because it acts as a “hijacker of these free radicals”. Vitamin C thus protects other nutrients from oxidation as well.

Applications:

Vitamin C, like other antioxidants and like other vitamins is fundamental to many functions of our body, being for example very effective against oxidative stress.

Oxidative stress in our body is caused by the imbalance between the production of free radicals from oxygen and our body’s ability to eliminate them or repair the oxidative damage they have caused.

It is thus interesting to prevent oxidation of compounds important for our body such as certain fats or proteins.

EPA AND DHA IN VEGETABLE OILS

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Vegetable oils: source of unsaturated essential fatty acids

Do you know what saturated, unsaturated, essential fatty acids are?

And the Omegas? Any alternative to fish oils?

At Q’omer® we have available a great variety of vegetable oils that come from raw materials that grow in regions of Latin America, with extensive nutritional and functional properties in the food industry and also very interesting for cosmetic applications.

EPA DHA vegeteble oils

Lately we see many supplements enriched with unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3, Omega 6, Omega 9, etc But do we really know what we are talking about? Contrary to what we hear about nutritional advice, it seems that not all fats are harmful to our bodies. Indeed, fats are basic constituents of our organism and make up part of the membrane of each of our cells, in addition to being part of the substance that covers our precious neurons and are the basis of many of the hormones.

But there is a drawback to the development of all these normal functions and that is that not all lipids or fats can be synthesized in our own organism, so we have to ingest them through food.

EPA DHA vegeteble oils

In this case we are talking about essential fatty acids, which we must take from external sources. These fatty acids can be saturated or unsaturated depending on the chemical structure of these substances, the form of their bonds is decisive in their functions and in the determination of their properties. Thus in saturated fatty acids the chemical structure is of simple bonds, while in unsaturated fatty acids we find double chemical bonds.

Since Q’omer® we offer several vegetable oils with unsaturated fatty acids. From the Andes we bring seed oil of Chia, Lino, Sacha inchi, Perilla with a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega 3 and Omega 6; as the Alfalinolenic acid: an essential fatty acid that is a precursor in our body of fatty acids EPA and DHA, scientifically recognized for their biological interest in the body as precursors, in turn important substances in the organism. Something very similar happens with linoleic acid, another essential fatty acid very present in vegetable oils.

Natural properties.

The intake of these essential fatty acids has great health benefits such as:

Cardiovascular: These fatty acids can be used for the synthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids with cardioprotective effects in the body. Thus, after its assimilation, Alfalinolenic rapidly becomes EPA and more slowly DHA which decrease cardiac arrhythmias and can protect the circulatory system from thrombosis.

Human studies have shown that an intake of linoleic acid or alpha-linolenic acid reduces cardiovascular mortality.

Blood pressure is reduced. In addition, these fats, by the fact of being unsaturated, can produce a decrease in blood pressure by replacing a diet rich in saturated fat with unsaturated fat (both monounsaturated and polynsaturated).

Prevention of diabetes. The type of fat consumed may influence glucose and insulin metabolism, and the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids decreases the risk of type II diabetes.

Inflammatory processes. They are also involved in the metabolism of inflammatory processes and are beneficial for coping with them.

In addition to those already mentioned there are other well-known monounsaturated acids, including among our oils, such as oleic acid, the majority fatty acid in olive oil, which is an Omeag 9 fatty acid.

Applications

Food supplements. In case we do not get through our daily diet these unsaturated fatty acids, we can benefit from all their potential, especially from Omega 3 and Omega 6, through the oils of pumpkin, chia, pomegranate, flax, goatee,  sacha inchi; from food supplements.

EPA DHA vegeteble oils

Alternative to fish oil supplement

From Q’omer® other vegetable sources of fatty acids are offered, alternatives to those already known, brought directly from the native regions of Latin America. We have an alternative to fish oil based supplements, without disregarding the very important EPA and DHA acids as they are metabolized from fatty acids in vegetable oils.

You are interested to know what…

Besides being a great source of substances with a high nutritional value, these oils from very novel raw materials, are very interesting for cosmetic applications.

They are suitable for people who want to include unsaturated fatty acids in their diet but do not consume food from animal raw materials.

In a market where the value of nature, care, health and well-being is increasingly important, Q’omer continues to work and research new products that can be purely natural to offer to consumers.

Quinoa: protein and essential amino acids from an Andean cereal

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High nutritional and antioxidant properties for an alternative to traditional cereals

Quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, is a pseudocereal and a plant native to the Andean region. It grows at many different altitudes, from sea level to the Bolivian Altiplano, plateaus and under different climatic conditions. Quinoa has a wide genetic diversity, allowing it to adapt to different difficult environments, such as the highlands and frosts.

At Q’omer® we offer a wide range of possibilities to introduce this product in our diet as one more cereal, and in special diets such as celiac.

Our quinoa comes from the highlands of Peru, cultivated by native communities.

The history of human consumption goes back up to 5,000 years and is one of the staples of many Andean communities. The edible seeds of quinoa are small, round and flat; the color of these can vary from white to gray and black, or there are also other varieties of yellow and red.

quinoa ingredients

Natural Properties

Protein and amino acids

Currently quinoa is known for its high protein content and the quality of these regarding other vegetable proteins since this Andean food has a balanced spectrum of amino acids and high content of lysine and methionine. Lysine and methionine are essential amino acids, that is, our organism cannot synthesize them by itself and therefore it is necessary to ingest them through the diet so that our body uses them to synthesize a varied amount of proteins.

Fiber and minerals

On the other hand, quinoa contains a considerable amount of fiber and minerals, such as calcium and iron.   Dietary fiber contributes to the proper functioning of the digestive system and provides a satiating effect on the stomach for longer due to hydration or our own saliva.

quinoa ingredients

Antioxidants and vitamins

In addition, quinoa also has a considerable content of polyphenols with antioxidant properties. This cereal has also been studied in terms of vitamins, and has proven to be rich in niacin, folic acid, vitamins A, B2 and E compared to some of the most common cereals like wheat and barley.

Applications

On how to consume this promising food, it can be eaten as a hot breakfast cereal or, as a substitute for rice as a side dish, or it can be boiled in water to form part of children’s cereal-based foods.

Quinoa can be ground and the resulting flour can be used for a variety of food products and baked goods, just as it is used for brewing beer.

It is also offered as a gluten-free food suitable for celiacs. This grain, not botanically related to the plant species that produce these proteins, can serve as a substitute for wheat or rye in the diet and provide flours for celiacs and people sensitive to gluten.

You are interested to know what…

Because of its high nutritional potential and genetic diversity, quinoa is classified by FAO as one of the promising crops of humanity that can contribute to food security in the twenty-first century.

For the relevance of this product and its nutritional capacity, FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) declared 2013 as the International Year of Quinoa, being considered a product that can play an important role in the eradication of hunger, malnutrition and poverty in the most disadvantaged regions of the planet.

Surrounded by the beauty of the Andean mountains grow these crops of which we offer in Q’omer®. the best grains brought directly from Peru and Bolivia.

Considering the increased public awareness of natural consumption, food care and a healthy diet, Q’omer® responds to this demand by trying to offer the highest diversity and quality of organic products.

Olive Seed Flour. FIBER AND PROTEINS FROM THE OLIVE SOUL

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Olive seed flour: novel product in harmony with the olive growing tradition

The olive tree (Olea europea L.) is considered the main tree of the Mediterranean area, since it offers us a basic food: olives, which produce olive oil, a food with excellent therapeutic properties.

Spain is the most important olive oil manufacturer in the world, being this the most characteristic and important food in the Mediterranean Diet. Compared to the countries of Northern Europe and some other Western countries, the countries located in the Mediterranean basin have lower mortality rates from cardiovascular disease and cancer. This is partly attributed to the consumption of olive oil.

But not only can we enjoy the olive fruit through its oil, but from this typical Mediterranean crop we can extract a flour with multiple applications.

The flour of the Olive Soul derives from the milling of the natural seed of the fruit of the olive, of the olive soul. It is obtained by mechanical separation of the olive bone, having multiple nutritional and nutraceutical characteristics ideal for special food applications such as functional foods.

olive seeds flour

At Q’omer® we offer the flour of “alma” de Oliva, a homogeneous powder of brown colour, soft and pleasant smell and characteristic flavor of the olive seed.

Natural properties

The flour of Oliva is known for having a high content of fiber and vegetable proteins.

High content in fibre

Regarding its high fiber content, regular dietary fiber consumption is very healthy and several studies have related it to healthy benefits such as:

Effects on the digestive system: With a higher intake of dietary fiber the intestinal content tends to be higher and this can contribute to the prevention of major intestinal disorders such as constipation, diverticulitis and cancer of the large intestine.

olive seeds flour

Cholesterol reduction: Recent observational studies show an inverse association between dietary fiber intake and the risk of coronary heart disease, because it reduces the absorption of cholesterol and also influences the metabolism of the liver in this sense, as well as the process of clearance of lipoproteins in the blood plasma.

Proteins

In addition, the flour of “alma” Oliva is very rich in proteins, which are of vegetable origin and very interesting to supplement our diet. We currently consume a lot of animal proteins, forgetting that vegetables are not only a source of vitamins, fiber and other essential nutrients, they also provide us with proteins.

Although the appearance of certain diseases has to do with our intake of macronutrients as a whole, there are scientific studies that positively endorse the consumption of proteins of plant origin, which are inversely associated with body mass, overweight and obesity; as opposed to animal proteins.

Applications

The flour of “alma” from Oliva is a very versatile product that can be used in cosmetic products such as abrasive, and also as a skin conditioner; keeping it in good condition.

On the other hand; it is an ingredient with important nutritional properties very suitable for functional foods and fortified foods to increase their content in fiber and protein.

According to EC Regulation 1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims in food; the use of this ingredient may be declared as a ‘Source of protein’ when at least 12% of the energy of the food is provided by proteins.

You would be interested to know what…

This product is under the regulation corresponding to Royal Decree 2242/1984, which approves the Technical-Sanitary Regulations for the processing, circulation and trade of condiments and spices.

Q’omer® is interested in further research on the products offered by olive and their natural applications, being a raw material of great nutritional value and produced in our closest environment and consumed worldwide.

In addition, Q’omer® works to promote the consumption of natural products and offer them to consumers who are increasingly concerned about the origin of the products they purchase and their values focused on well-being and health.

MONOGAMOUS QUILLAJA SAPONARIA

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Quillaja Saponaria: emulsifier and foaming properties from a Chilean tree

Do you know that you can get very stable foams naturally?

Do you know this natural way of formulating a cleansing agent?

Quillay (Quillaja saponaria) is a naturally distributed tree species in the central Chilean rainforest. It is a perrennifolio tree, 15 to 20 meters tall and has a greyish bark. The fruit has a characteristic star-shaped capsule.

quillaja saponaria

 

Of great functional importance, Quillay Wood Extract contains mainly saponins, in addition to polyphenols, tannins, salts and sugars in small quantities.

Its chemical configuration gives it important surface-active properties, such as foaming properties and emulsifiers ideal in food and cosmetic applications. Its functions include cleaning, which is applied in a variety of cosmetic products for skin care in babies and pregnant women. On the other hand, the dispersing capacity of the extract makes it ideal for applications of mineral pigments, agricultural inputs, sun protectors, makeup, etc.

Natural Properties

In Q’omer® we have the extract of Quillaja saponaria and we know in detail its applications and properties by the link that we maintain with the native Latin American production so we know the multiple uses in the natural culture indigenous people who have had the Quillaja saponaria.

Traditionally used by indigenous Mapuche communities in Chile as a cleansing agent, especially in hair applications such as shampoo or conditioner.

The main component of Quillaja saponaria extract is saponins, a heterogeneous group of sterol glycosides and triterpenoid glycosides that are present in a wide range of plant species where they are distributed along the bark, leaves, stems, roots and even flowers. Although their basic function in plants is not entirely known, they are known to inhibit mold and protect plants from insect attack. In addition, some saponins are anti-microbial and can be a source of monosaccharides.

Saponins are widely used commercially today for their detergent and surfactant properties, their ability to form stable emulsions as well as their usefulness for forming foams.

Applications

The applications from which we can benefit through the extracts of Quillaja saponaria are classified basically in food applications and in their use in the field of cosmetics.

Applications in the food sector:

We can highlight its use to get a foam consisting of beers and other drinks. It is also very effective as an emulsifier to achieve a homogeneous distribution of fats in formulations having an aqueous base.

quillaja saponaria

The saponins of Quillaja saponaria have also been used in the stabilization of microparticles of active components such as oils with a high content of Omega 3 fatty acids or of vitamin E particles.

Applications in the field of cosmetics:

This type of extracts is also being used in different cosmetic applications very diverse as different types of shampoos, creams, conditioners or toothpaste, with which a perfect dispersion and homogenization of the components of the product is achieved.

You are interested to know what…

The use of Quillaja saponaria as a healing agent by shamans in Latin America has been documented. Applications are known to cure skin lesions, insect bites, skin rashes, etc. And it has also been used in Africa to prevent the transmission of certain diseases.

We know firsthand this tree that grows in the Chilean jungle and are interested in improving and optimizing its applications.

In a market where the value of nature, care, health and well-being is increasingly valued, Q’omerś continues to work and research on new products that can be purely natural to be offered to consumers as well as to companies that produce food and cosmetics products.

Conservation Agriculture

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Do you think it’s possible to discover another way of thinking about agriculture? Respecting natural resources, we are securing tomorrow’s food and improving the way of life of farmers.

Agricultural production has accompanied us for centuries to shape a subsistence system for our population centres and has played a very important role in the development of our societies. At Q’omer® we believe that today’s society should continue to give it the recognition that agriculture deserves as an art and as the system that feeds us, and that it also has an important role to play in combating environmental degradation.

At Q’omer® we want to talk about the so-called Conservation Agriculture, whose objective is to achieve a sustainable and profitable agriculture. In addition, this type of agriculture aims to improve the quality of life and resources of farmers who work the land.

What is Conservation Agriculture?

This new agricultural philosophy, according to FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) is based on three principles that have much to do with agriculture, the first is to promote minimum soil disturbance on a continuous basis, maintain a permanent cover of the soil surface with organic materials and diversify cultivated species.

Qomer conservation agriculture

It is interesting to know why these principles are important both for soil quality and for the ecosystem in general, and for the farmers who cultivate them. If we refer to soil tillage, we find many drawbacks in the way it is being done; such as increased erosion and loss of soil fertility, loss of moisture and destruction of soil structure. It is therefore important to choose appropriate soil preparation practices that improve productivity while respecting the natural resources of the field of cultivation. For example, many tillage operations include a previous stage of [ cleaning in which the weeds are burned, deeply affecting the fertility of the fields.

With regard to the permanent cover of cropland, we are talking about crops that are planted to protect the soil while not cultivated with the usual plant species for the holding. The objective is to protect the soil, which contributes to the improvement of soil properties and also has the capacity to promote the biodiversity of the ecosystem in which the farm is included. Cover crops also mobilize and recycle nutrients and improve soil structure by breaking through compacted and hard layers.

Conservation Agriculture has been defined as a new way of thinking about agriculture; with regard to the economic implications of this agricultural system, certain short-term constraints must be recognized. Thus the technical and economic advantages of this new way of understanding agriculture are really appreciable in a medium-long-term; because the differences in productivity between traditional and conserved agricultural systems are visible when the processes of Conservation Agriculture are well rooted in the productive system of the estate.

You are interested to know what…

Conservation Agriculture brings other environmental benefits to the agricultural community such as improving water and air quality, increase in ecosystem biodiversity and plays an important role in carbon sequestration processes.

From Q’omerizar we support a conception of agriculture that takes into account its impact on the environment and that relies on traditional techniques that at the same time improve the living conditions of the agricultural communities and the competitiveness of their raw materials.

Grade Blood: Natural Skin Healing and Recovery

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A resin of bright color and amazing properties recovered from the tradition in the heart of the jungle.

The Sangre de Grado is offered to us directly from nature, from the interior of a jungle tree found in tropical and subtropical America, from Southern Mexico to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay.   Among the typical products of native Latin American biodiversity offered by Q’omer®, is the Natural Grade Blood Resin, a product obtained from the stem of the tree Croton lechleri Müll.Arg.

This characteristic resin of dark red color and astringent flavor is commonly called dragocoresina, being the name of this sap due to the resemblance with blood. To obtain it, transverse incisions are made over the cortex, through which it flows and is collected at the end of the cut.

The sap derived from this tree and other related Croton species has been thoroughly investigated, with an interesting phytochemical profile and in terms of Bioactivity.

This is characterized by Bioactive compounds of functional interest, such as peculiar lignans, proanthocyanidins, catechin, epicatequin, steroids and alkaloids (the most important being Taspina); other compounds such as ester of resin alcohol and phenylacetic acid stand out.

Natural properties

Among the traditional uses of this raw material, the most prominent is healing, attributed to the contraction of wounds, as it helps in the formation of crust quickly regenerating the skin and helping the formation of collagen. It has also been used for ulcer repair and vaginal scrubbing.

Thanks to a wide presence of Polyphenolic Compounds, other properties are attributed, such as anti-inflammatory, astringent, antiseptic and hemostatic.

Applications

It is a very versatile product for use in cosmetics because it is a perfect skin conditioner, leaving it soft and keeping it in good condition. It has also traditionally been applied to repair affected areas of the skin.

It is interesting to consider its high antioxidant potential.

On the other hand, recent scientific articles have revealed its possible use as an antitumour and cytotoxic therapeutic, as well as antimicrobial and antiviral.

You’re interested to know that…

The resin of Sangre de Grado is a product traditionally used by cultures from the humid tropical zones of central and South America for many years, with great tradition in popular medicine; The first written references date back to the 17th century.

Q’omer® knows and trusts in the properties of the resin Sangre de Grado being a purely natural product that can be of great use in the cosmetic industry or in parapharmacy. We are committed to offering natural and quality products and we do not stop worrying about advancing and investigating the properties of our raw materials.

Along with native communities and research centers, continue to promote the consumption of natural products and introduce them into a market with consumers increasingly concerned with the origin of the products they buy and increasingly rewarding the value of the natural, of care, health and well-being.

From Q’omer® we offer the natural resin of Grade Blood as one of the newest.

Q’omer strengthens ties with supplier communities in the Amazon Region of Peru

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In order to establish stable ties with production entities and organizations in Peru, Q’omer® established a collaboration agreement with several Peruvian entities, both producers and entities that support and accompany indigenous communities specifically in the Amazon region of Peru.

Since 2014, a framework agreement was established that is still in force between Ecohabitat Innovations S.A., The Confederation of Amazonian Nationalities of Peru  CONAP, the Central Organization of the Aguarunas Communities of Alto Marañón  OCCAAM, and Juan David Escobar, SEO of Q’omer®.

Such entities are cooperatives of producers and/or entities representing indigenous communities and producers of native raw materials in the Amazon region.

The goal of this alliance is to value natural and/or organic product chains by seeking their positioning in the foreign market, especially in Spanish, in addition to strengthening the institutional management capacities of member entities with a focus on eco-business and biotrade.

This initiative started from the will of all member entities to build business processes based on the natural capital of native communities but always from the vision of fair trade and respecting native biodiversity and generating new alternatives to promote community development, always under a sustainable resource management approach and with social impact.

supplying communitiesThe indigenous communities involved through this alliance number around 120, with approximately 75 producing families each. This is a population of Awajún origin located all in the province of Bagua in the Amazonian region of Peru.

Through these alliances, it is hoped to work cooperatively with the communities not merely as suppliers of raw materials but as strategic allies in this process, which in addition to marketing products seeks to ensure a chain of reliable value and a return to communities from a positive social impact on their populations.

WHY ARE SOILS IMPORTANT FOR FOOD PRODUCTION?

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Did you know how important soils are for ensuring food production? What difficulties do we face in preserving them?

Soil, though we do not create it, is another natural resource that is endangered by human activities. Do we really know what we’re referring to with? Soil is specifically the layer of material found on the Earth’s surface and consisting of organic, inorganic, air and water materials. Our soils are important because they form the material on which plants are based, and therefore they are part of the resources that are essential for the production of our food.

In this way, plants obtain the nutrients that will be part of the soil harvest; they also absorb water, contributing to the regulation of water in the ecosystem and in addition to that of atmospheric gases.

At Q’omer® we are committed to an agriculture that respects the soil, and to take the necessary measures to protect and care for it so that it is left to the new generations and that they can continue to be supplied with raw materials in the future, achieving a balance with the environment.

History of soil concern.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) At the beginning of the 1980s, the countries of the world became increasingly interdependent in terms of their food and agricultural products. And it was then that the problems of land degradation, and the inability to sustain the population in terms of ensuring the availability of food, became known; concerns for international agencies that required information on soils, and that is when FAO decided to start providing consolidated information on this resource.

Later, FAO decided to consider 2015 as the International Year of Soils to promote knowledge about soils and to emphasize the importance of their conservation for the environment and to ensure the availability of others resources in the future and also ensure that we can continue to grow crops to supply us with food.

Why is it important to conserve soils?

Firstly, soil is considered a non-renewable resource; we say this because it is not renewed at a sufficient rate on the human time scale.

The soil is formed from the mother rock that lies at a greater depth and takes thousands of years to form. This involves many factors, most of which we cannot act on; such as climate, topography, geological substrate and various biological agents.

Why are soils important to us?

As discussed above, soils are the basis for food production. But they are not the only raw materials from which we benefit through them; they are also essential for obtaining fibres, certain fuels and medicines.

Qomer floors

Soils are also actively involved in the water cycle, intervening in the availability of water for plant nutrition and water supply.

They also regulate the cycles of carbon and oxygen and other nutrients necessary for the growth of plants such as nitrogen or phosphorus and provide habitat for various organisms other than plants.

At Q’omer® we want to promote the dissemination of soil needs, their importance for agriculture and the environment, and we also promote traditional agricultural practices and conservation agriculture.

Maca : natural properties and applications

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Have you ever tried a natural product so that I am able to restore vitality? Would you like to discover the traditional applications of this Andean product? Maca is a product with potential due to its high nutritional value and its highly active natural chemical compounds.

Maca (Lepidium meyenii) is an annual herbaceous plant native to the highlands of the central Peruvian Andes. From Q’omer® we are proud to know these Andean regions where underground storage hypocotyls of the maca plant have been a traditional medicinal agent and a staple food since pre-Columbian times.

Although it has been used since times of the Incas the Maca has been gaining popularity in recent years due to studies on its functional and nutritional properties, which makes Maca a good candidate for the nutraceuticals and food supplements market.

The most common way to find Maca is in the form of Maca Flour, most of this flour is obtained from those hypocotyls of the plant that were found underground, which have been dried outdoors for at least a few weeks in the traditional areas where it is grown, with the possible incorporation of an oven drying process.

Maca is being studied for its interesting phytochemical profile, it turns out to be a rich source of carbohydrates (around 59%), but it also contains proteins and turns out to have a high content in minerals such as potassium (2%) or iron(0.016 per cent). In addition to containing other metabolic compounds such as tannins, saponins and sterols, maca stands out for some bioactive substances which, precisely, have been called macamides.

Maca has proven to be a safe food because it has been traditionally and extensively used in the regions of Peru, Bolivia, and northwestern Argentina as a nutritious food for male and female fertility disorders, and to increase physical energy and mental capacity.

maca ingredients

Natural properties.

Among the biological activities that are characteristic of Maca, its capacity to improve fertility is highlighted. In the empire of the Incas, Maca was used to improve the fertility of human beings as well as livestock; because fertility rates were considered to be reduced at a high altitude in the Andean mountain range.

Thus, with the intake of Maca, an increase in sperm counts and an increase in the weight of the epididymis have been observed, as well as in the seminal volume and stimulates the formation of sperm. In addition, Maca has the ability to protect against the harmful effect of certain chemical compounds on the generation of new sperm. In relation to these properties, Maca has also given good results in improving sexual performance.

But not only is it interesting to improve male sexual health, it has been further researched on its effect on improving female fertility.

On the other hand, one of the most important characteristics of maca is its role in increasing vitality and tolerance to stress; being an interesting invigorating complement.

The administration of maca can reduce the effects of stress as it helps in the fight against increased secretion of certain hormones involved in the increase of stress sensations; influencing also other related parameters such as adrenal gland size and stress-induced ulcers.

In addition, maca, as we have commented, is abundant in proteins, unsaturated fatty acids and minerals. Therefore, its highly nutritious nature has also been proposed in studies as one of the reasons why it fights fatigue.

Applications.

Because of these reasons, maca is an ideal ingredient for supplements and dietary supplements for athletes to enhance vitality or for supplements that are used to fight against moments of fatigue; and in addition, it is also interesting as a supplement to improve sexual abilities and fertility.

On the other hand, it is also advisable to study it for its nutritional properties, rich in vegetable proteins and unsaturated fatty acids to include it in nutritional supplements.

Maca is usually presented in the form of maca flour, but in Q’omeresen. we have a novel presentation obtained by pre-cooking maca flour: the gelatinized maca which is characterized by its easy digestibility.