Conservation Agriculture

By 27 de November de 2019Sin categoría

Do you think it’s possible to discover another way of thinking about agriculture? Respecting natural resources, we are securing tomorrow’s food and improving the way of life of farmers.

Agricultural production has accompanied us for centuries to shape a subsistence system for our population centres and has played a very important role in the development of our societies. At Q’omer® we believe that today’s society should continue to give it the recognition that agriculture deserves as an art and as the system that feeds us, and that it also has an important role to play in combating environmental degradation.

At Q’omer® we want to talk about the so-called Conservation Agriculture, whose objective is to achieve a sustainable and profitable agriculture. In addition, this type of agriculture aims to improve the quality of life and resources of farmers who work the land.

What is Conservation Agriculture?

This new agricultural philosophy, according to FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) is based on three principles that have much to do with agriculture, the first is to promote minimum soil disturbance on a continuous basis, maintain a permanent cover of the soil surface with organic materials and diversify cultivated species.

Qomer conservation agriculture

It is interesting to know why these principles are important both for soil quality and for the ecosystem in general, and for the farmers who cultivate them. If we refer to soil tillage, we find many drawbacks in the way it is being done; such as increased erosion and loss of soil fertility, loss of moisture and destruction of soil structure. It is therefore important to choose appropriate soil preparation practices that improve productivity while respecting the natural resources of the field of cultivation. For example, many tillage operations include a previous stage of [ cleaning in which the weeds are burned, deeply affecting the fertility of the fields.

With regard to the permanent cover of cropland, we are talking about crops that are planted to protect the soil while not cultivated with the usual plant species for the holding. The objective is to protect the soil, which contributes to the improvement of soil properties and also has the capacity to promote the biodiversity of the ecosystem in which the farm is included. Cover crops also mobilize and recycle nutrients and improve soil structure by breaking through compacted and hard layers.

Conservation Agriculture has been defined as a new way of thinking about agriculture; with regard to the economic implications of this agricultural system, certain short-term constraints must be recognized. Thus the technical and economic advantages of this new way of understanding agriculture are really appreciable in a medium-long-term; because the differences in productivity between traditional and conserved agricultural systems are visible when the processes of Conservation Agriculture are well rooted in the productive system of the estate.

You are interested to know what…

Conservation Agriculture brings other environmental benefits to the agricultural community such as improving water and air quality, increase in ecosystem biodiversity and plays an important role in carbon sequestration processes.

From Q’omerizar we support a conception of agriculture that takes into account its impact on the environment and that relies on traditional techniques that at the same time improve the living conditions of the agricultural communities and the competitiveness of their raw materials.